A TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS.
Human rights are the birth right of all human beings. Their protection and promotion is the first responsibility of every citizen. Equal rights of men and women are explicitly mentioned in the preamble to the charter of the United Nations. The world conferences on human rights of women throughout the life cycle are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights. But women who constitute nearly 50% of population are denied of the basic human rights from cradle to grave and are treated virtually as second class citizens.
Women are the most oppressed and the most neglected group of the society in the rural and tribal areas who lag behind in education, training and are unaware of human rights. It is therefore essential that the capacities of these women must be fully upgraded through various programmes. JANKI (2003) opined that knowledge of human rights and details in it will equip women to tackle situations better. It also enables to seek redressal support according to the situation. Harish & Sharma (2004) reveal that women are ignorant of the legislations which have been enacted to provide them with specific rights. Dutta (2003) indicated that a radical change in the attitude of women induced by an awareness of their rights which are constitutionally guaranteed and legally protected will be the first step in the complex process of transforming the social structure, so that women might enjoy full equity with men in every sphere of life. As awareness is the key to action, the investigator used to explore the existing knowledge of women about human rights.
The objectives of the study were to
- Assess the awareness among selected women about human rights.
- Enrich their knowledge regarding human rights through awareness programme.
- Evaluate the knowledge of human gained through awareness programme and
- Compare the knowledge of human in tribal and rural areas.
The sample for study comprised of 100 women in the age group of 25 to 40 years with equal representation from tribal rural areas who had basic literacy.
The study was conducted under three phases.
- Assessment of the prevailing knowledge of human about human rights.
- Conduct of the awareness programme on human rights.
- Evaluation of the gained knowledge of the selected women after the awareness programme.
Awareness of the selected women on rights related to health, education, social, economical, civil & political and cultural aspects is given below:
- The awareness f the rural women on the selected rights was found to be better compared to those of tribal area before the awareness campaign for rights related to right to life, leisure and rest, adequate standard of living, protection of motherhood and childhood.
- Rights to education were known to 72 and 92 percent of the tribal and rural women at the onset of the study. Whereas 82 and 100 percent of the tribal and rural women realized these rights like freedom from slavery, servitude, torture and cruelty, after the programme family and social security were under stood by 60 and 80 percent of the women of tribal and rural study, under whereas the awareness programme had helped the women of both groups to know the rights better.
Economic rights, right to own property, work and join in trade unions were known to 64 and 96 percent of the tribal women before and after the programme respectively.
Legal measures to protect women from domestic violence
Availability of legal measures for protection like easy accessibility of legal measures, severity of the punishment
To reduce the attempt for domestic violence and enactment of laws to prevent people from domestic violence were known to none of the respondents initially, but the awareness programme had helped 48 and 40 percent of the rural and tribal women respectively to understand these legal measures.
After the awareness programme, cent percent of the selected women became aware of the procedure t be followed while arresting women like no arrest before sunshine, and after sunset and presence of a female constable arresting women-which were not known to any of the selected women in the initial survey.
- Human rights need to be included in the school, college and university curricula.
- Elected representatives and parliamentarian should actively support the promotion and protection of human rights.
- should take strict action for the violation of human rights.
The human rights are instruments of human development and peace. The fabric of society cannot run smoothly and there could be many chances of crimes and disturbances in the society. The protection of human rights requires a constant struggle which cannot be won unless every man and women participate in it.